POV-Ray : Newsgroups : povray.binaries.images : B-DNA : Re: B-DNA Server Time
3 Mar 2024 17:34:41 EST (-0500)
  Re: B-DNA  
From: Bald Eagle
Date: 4 Feb 2024 19:15:00
Message: <web.65c027a941c066f01f9dae3025979125@news.povray.org>
Thomas de Groot <tho### [at] degrootorg> wrote:

> > I currently have my nose to the ground, trying to find an algorithm to generate
> > the inverse of a 9x9 rigid body transform matrix - if I can puzzle that out,
> > then any object specified with 4 points can be mapped to any other instance with
> > a transform {matrix{}} statement.
> > Then I can take one base, look over where it sits somewhere else in the helix,
> > and calculate exactly how to get it from one place to another.
> >
> That could be very useful. Also in a universal sense, applied to all
> sort of transformations/mutations.

OK, So I haven't ferreted out all the details of the purely matrix approach, but
while closing one of the 100 browser tabs I have open, I stumbled across a guy
using Reorient_Trans, and figured that would be a viable approach.
I had a few false starts due to not really being able to visualize what was
going on, but after making an IRL model and turning it around a few times, the
part I was missing / improperly implementing became obvious, and I was able to
package it all up into a single macro.

Identify any three points on your original object (A, B, C), and where those
three points end up (A2, B2, C2)

Apply the macro like so:
#declare MyTransform = Reorient_Triangle (A, B, C, A2, B2, C2)
object {MyObject transform {MyTransform}}

Please try this out with a large assortment of objects in various orientations
to see if I missed anything.   The only thing not included is a sanity check for
plugging in a second set of coordinates that are identical to the first.

#macro Reorient_Triangle (A, B, C, A2, B2, C2)
 // Bill Walker "Bald Eagle" February 2024
 #ifndef(TRANSFORMS_INC_TEMP)
  #include "transforms.inc"
 #end
 #local Translate1 = transform {translate -A}
 #local Vector1 = B - A;
 #local Vector2 = B2 - A2;
 // Align Vector1 to Vector2
 #local FirstTransform = transform {Reorient_Trans (Vector1, Vector2)};
 #local A1 = vtransform (A-A, FirstTransform)+A;
 #local B1 = vtransform (B-A, FirstTransform)+A;
 #local C1 = vtransform (C-A, FirstTransform)+A;
 // Find the vector to C1 that is perpendicular to Vector2
 #local T1 = vdot (B1-A1, C1-A1) / vdot (B1-A1, B1-A1);
 #local D = A1 + T1 * (B1-A1);
 #local Vector3 = C1 - D;
 // Find the vector to C2 that is perpendicular to Vector2
 #local T2 = vdot (B2-A2, C2-A2) / vdot (B2-A2, B2-A2);
 #local D2 = A2 + T2 * (B2-A2);
 #local Vector4 = C2 - D2;
 // Rotate everything around Vector2 so that the perpendicular vectors match
 #local SecondTransform = transform {Reorient_Trans (Vector3, Vector4)};
 // Now everything is similarly aligned with 3 sequential transforms
 // and translating a final time puts the object at the destination
 #local Translate2 = transform {translate A2}
 #local T = transform { transform {Translate1} transform {FirstTransform}
transform {SecondTransform} transform {Translate2} }

 T

#end


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