POV-Ray : Newsgroups : povray.text.tutorials : #declare vs. #local Mojo Server Time: 16 Dec 2018 23:05:22 GMT
  #declare vs. #local Mojo (Message 1 to 5 of 5)  
From: clipka
Subject: #declare vs. #local Mojo
Date: 25 Jun 2015 00:26:44
Message: <558b4ac4$1@news.povray.org>
Some fun(?) fact to know:

If, in an include file or macro, you use #declare with an identifier 
that already happens to exist at a non-global scope, you will NOT change 
the corresponding global variable, but the most local variable of that name.

Expected that? I didn't.


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From: Le Forgeron
Subject: Re: #declare vs. #local Mojo
Date: 25 Jun 2015 06:09:11
Message: <558b9b07$1@news.povray.org>
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Le 25/06/2015 02:26, clipka a écrit :
> Some fun(?) fact to know:
> 
> If, in an include file or macro, you use #declare with an
> identifier that already happens to exist at a non-global scope, you
> will NOT change the corresponding global variable, but the most
> local variable of that name.
> 
> Expected that? I didn't.

I did, but I know how the context are stacked...

My hint: do not mix #declare and #local for the same variable, or even
parameter name of macro.

The same kind of problem happens with other languages, it's called
shadowing and it's a mess to know which one is used.

The long way would be to issue warning when using #local on a
#declare/d variable, and vice-versa, but it might requires extending
each storage to store that piece of data ( there is also #for... the
variable is kind of #local, yet should it be allowed to be updated
with #local ? )


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From: Thorsten Froehlich
Subject: Re: #declare vs. #local Mojo
Date: 25 Jun 2015 11:40:01
Message: <web.558be8598cf046ea5feac50c0@news.povray.org>
clipka <ano### [at] anonymousorg> wrote:
> Some fun(?) fact to know:
>
> If, in an include file or macro, you use #declare with an identifier
> that already happens to exist at a non-global scope, you will NOT change
> the corresponding global variable, but the most local variable of that name.
>
> Expected that? I didn't.

Expected? No.
Knew? Yes.

The problem with this odd behavior is that it is actively being used. Or used to
be at least.

Thorsten


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From: clipka
Subject: Re: #declare vs. #local Mojo
Date: 25 Jun 2015 21:47:56
Message: <558c770c$1@news.povray.org>
Am 25.06.2015 um 08:09 schrieb Le_Forgeron:

> ( there is also #for... the
> variable is kind of #local, yet should it be allowed to be updated
> with #local ? )

Mucking around with the variable in a #for statement isn't really what 
I'd call best practice, but if you need to change the value, then #local 
should be the thing to use.


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From: Cousin Ricky
Subject: Re: #declare vs. #local Mojo
Date: 10 Sep 2015 21:15:00
Message: <web.55f1f1d08cf046eadb6413070@news.povray.org>
clipka <ano### [at] anonymousorg> wrote:
> Some fun(?) fact to know:
>
> If, in an include file or macro, you use #declare with an identifier
> that already happens to exist at a non-global scope, you will NOT change
> the corresponding global variable, but the most local variable of that name.
>
> Expected that? I didn't.

http://wiki.povray.org/content/Reference:Declare_and_Local_Directives#Identifier_Name_Collisions


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